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Cusco

Machu Picchu Citadel

The ancient Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is the star attraction of Cusco.

Discovered in 1911 by US explorer Hiram Bingham, the citadel is deemed one of the world's finest examples of landscape architecture.



Machu Picchu ("old mountain" in Quechua, the ancient language of the Incas) nestles on top of a mountain saddle high above the Urubamba River in the middle of the cloud forest.


It was both a center of worship and astronomic observatory as well as the private retreat of the family of Inca ruler Pachacútec. Machu Picchu is split into two major areas: the agricultural zone, made up of terracing and food storehouses; and the urban zone, featuring the sacred sector, with temples, squares and royal tombs which have been carved to an extraordinary degree of perfection.


The stone staircases and canals are found throughout this unique archaeological site called Machu Picchu. Over the citadel looms Huayna Picchu ("young mountain" in Quechua), which can be climbed up a steep stone-paved trail.


Climate in Machu Picchu:
Rainy during the summer (December to March). Sunny from May to September, although sudden showers are not uncommon. Maximum temperatures reach 27° C, while the minimum rarely dips below 11° C.


Access to Machu Picchu:
The Citadel of Machu Picchu is a three-hour train journey away from the city of Cusco, although it can also be reached by helicopter (30 minutes) or on foot (4 days down the Inca Trail).





Tours en Cusco Hoteles en Cusco Vuelos en Cusco


Guia de Viaje en Cusco
  Cusco
  Información de Cusco
  Machu Picchu
  Camino Inca a Machu Picchu
  Sacsayhuaman
  Ollantaytambo
  Terrazas de Moray
  Pisac
  Tambomachay y Qenqo
  Templo Korikancha
  Inti Raymi
  Corpus Christi
  Qoyllur Riti
  Mapa de Cusco

  Cusco
  Machu Picchu
  Lima
  Camino Inca a Machu Picchu
  Lago Titicaca - Puno
  Líneas de Nazca - Paracas
  Ica
  Manu
  Arequipa
  Huaraz
  Puerto Maldonado
  Ayacucho
  Tarapoto
  Chachapoyas
  Kuelap
  Iquitos
  Trujillo
  Junín
  Tacna
  Lambayeque - Chiclayo
  Abancay
  Cajamarca
  Huancavelica
  Huánuco
  Moquegua
  Cerro de Pasco
  Piura
  Tumbes
  Pucallpa