The Manu National Park was established on May 29, 1973 by Law (D.S.) N 0644-73-AG. In 1977, UNESCO recognized it as the Center area of the Reserve of the Biosphere.
It is located in the departments of Cusco and Madre de Dios. In 1987 this park was recognized as a Natural Inheritance of the Humanity. It has a surface of 1.532,806 hectares and represents a very important example of the biological diversity in the Amazon.
We can find nearly all the subtropical and ecological formations of the Amazon Jungle.
There are trees as: Cetico (Cecropia sp.), Topa (Ochroma sp.), Cedar (Cedrela sp.), the screwdriver (Cedrelinga catanaformis), the chesnut tice (Bertholletia excelsa), Lupuna (Chorisio sp.) and the rubber plant (Heves brasiliensis).
Lots of species are protected in this park for example 800 species of birds 200 species of mammals (there are more than 100 species of bats), 120 species of fishes and reptiles the some as insects and other ones. In this region we can observe different birds as for example: The aguila harpia - - eagle - (harpia harpyja), the jabirú (Jabiru mycteria) and the pink espatula (Ajaja ajaja). In the banks of the river in the branches of the tree we can find the sachapato (Cairina moschata), wild goose (Neochen jubata), the Gallito de las Rocas (Rupicola peruviana), the mono choro comun - monkey - (Lagothrix Lagotricha), the maquisapa negro (Ateles paniscus), the river wolf (Pteronura brasiliensis), the jaguar (Panthera onca), the wild cat (Leopoardus pardalis) , the spectaded bear (Tremarctos ornatus) and the Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis).
This area is populated by more than 30 peasant communities which first language is Quechua as: Matsiquenka, Amahuaca, Yiñe, Amarakaeri, Huachipaire, Mashco-Piros and Nahua.
The main goal of the Manu National Park is the conservation of the representative samples of the biological diversity.
Peruvian Nature and Ecological Activities :