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Historical Sanctuaries in Perú

Machu Picchu

This sanctuary was stablisted on January 8, 1981, through (D.S.) N 001-81-AA. In 1983 UNESCO declared it as the Cultural and Natural in heritance of the Humanity. This Sanctuary is located in the department of Cusco, province of Urubamba, district of Machu Picchu. It has a surface of 32 592 hectares. Besides the beautiful citadel of Machupicchu there are in the area other 34 archaeological sites conected by the famous Inca path.

The flora is exhuberant, in the low lands we find the also (Alnus jorullensis), the pisonay (Erythrina falcota), the walnut tree (Junglans neotropica), the intimpa (Podocarpus glomeratus; the quishuar (Buddleia incana), the queñual (Polylepsis racemosa), the cedar (Cedrela sp.) and many others like palm trees and archids (30 types and 190 species) which flower all the year, among the most beautiful archids we can see the Maxillaria floribunda among others.

With regard to the fauna, among the birds we can notice the condor (vultur gryphus) and different gummingbirds, among the mammals we observe the Taruka Taruka (Mazzama chunyi), the puma (Puma con color), the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) and some species of monkeys like Cebus, Saimiri, Aotus and Lagothrix the last one in danger of extinction.

The gallito de las rocas (Rupicola peruviana), the spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) the outter (Lutra longicaudis) and the wild cat (Oncifelis colocolo). The main goals of this Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu are the protection of the archaeological sites in the area and the preservation the wild flora and fauna of this area.


Peruvian Nature and Ecological Activities :

National Parks
Cutervo
Tingo Maria
Manu
Huascarán
Cerros de Amotape
Rio Abiseo
Yanachaga Chemillen
Bahuaja Sonene

National Reserves
Pampa Galeras Barbara D'Achille
Junin
Paracas
Lachay
Lake Titicaca
Salinas y Aguda Blanca
Calipuy
Pacaya Samiria

National Sanctuaries
Huayllay
Calipuy
Lagunas de Mejia
Ampay
Manglares de Tumbes
Tabacones Namballe

Historical Sancturies
Chacamarca
Pampa de Ayacucho
Machu Picchu

Protected Rainforests
Bocatoma Canal Nuevo Imperial
Puquio Santa Rosa
Pui Pui
San Matias San Carlos
Pagaibamba
Alto Mayo

Hunting Areas
El Angolo
Sunchubamba



Reserved Areas
Laquipampa
Apurimac
Pantanos de Villa
Tambopata Candamo
Batan Grande
Tumbes
Algarrobal El Moro
Chancay Baños
Aymara Lupaca
Gueppi
Rio Rimac
Alto Cañete y Cochas Pachacayo
Santiago Comaina
Allpahuayo Mishana

Community Reserves
Yanesha

Nature Watching
Recommendations
Primates
Sea Mammals
Buterflies
Wildflowers
Orchids

Peruvian Waters
Peruvian Coast and Beaches
Lakes and Lagoons
Rivers
Waterfalls

Andean Camelids
Alpacas
Guanacos
Llamas
Vicuñas

Birdwatching
In Cusco and Machu Picchu
in Manu and Tambopata
in Arequipa and the Colca Valley
in Puno and Lake Titicaca
  National Parks
  National Reserves
  National Sanctuaries
  Historical Sanctuaries
  Reserved Areas
  Protected Rainforests
  Hunting Areas
  Community Reserves
  Nature Watching
  Peruvian Waters
  Andean Camelids
  Birdwatching
  Traditional Medicine

  Cusco
  Machu Picchu
  Lima
  Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
  Titicaca Lake - Puno
  Nazca Lines - Paracas
  Ica
  Manu
  Arequipa
  Huaraz
  Puerto Maldonado
  Ayacucho
  Tarapoto
  Chachapoyas
  Kuelap
  Iquitos
  Trujillo
  Junin
  Tacna
  Lambayeque - Chiclayo
  Abancay
  Cajamarca
  Huancavelica
  Huanuco
  Moquegua
  Cerro de Pasco
  Piura
  Tumbes
  Pucallpa